Saturday, March 6, 2010

Links to Electronic Editions of Frankenstein/Keyword Searching and Critical Approaches

 On-line text of Frankenstein/searching using keywords/additional critical approaches and definitions/contexts
Here is the URL for the online Gutenberg text of Frankenstein. Cut and paste it into your browser, and try doing a search, if you think it might help you move more quickly to the chapters/passages that you think will be most helpful to you.

As I mentioned to a couple of students--try using the specific keywords that relate to the approach you are using. For example, try "dream" and "sleep" if you are using a psychoanalytic approach and writing about Victor's unconscious state--try using "glory" if you want to do a comparison/contrast of Walton and Victor, etc. 

Project Gutenberg E-Text of Frankenstein

Also, below is the University of Pennsylvania's Electronic Edition of Frankenstein. Of particular value to you are the "Table of Chapters" and the "Contents." If you click on one of the chapters in "Table of Chapters," you will see that the text has links to clearer explanations of terms, along with more contexts. If you click on "Contents," you will see a variety of materials that are available to you. Some are unavailable, but in terms of providing some overall background, this is a good site.
Within the "Contents," you will see a link titled "Critical Approaches." Click on that link.
If you are using a Marxist approach, click on "Materialist" to see if that is helpful.
If you are focusing on Mary Shelley, take a look at the "Biographical" approach.
Likewise, click on "Gender" or "Psychological" or whatever.
If you are using a Historicist approach, you might find value in examining some of the early reviews of the novel.

I would caution you, however, that you should use this site primarily for help in understanding some of the contexts of Frankenstein. You are to do your own writing--do not depend on this site for YOUR critical analysis--I want to know what YOU are
thinking in relation to your chosen theme.

A word about "plagiarism": Do NOT do it! You should cite your sources properly and make sure that you use quotes. Do not depend solely on your sources for analysis-write your own analysis and try to find a source that supports it. In addition, you may find an article that contradicts your own findings--argue with that source! Feel free to disagree, but find textual support in Frankenstein for your own ideas.

Finally, although this paper is a research project, you should be having fun! Frankenstein is a joy to read and analyze--I have truly enjoyed the class's critical discourse--both sections are providing rich and thoughtful commentary!

All best,

Prof. Williams

P.S. Feel free to email me your questions; however, if you want me to take a look at anything, please send it to me by SUNDAY evening at 9:00 pm if you want an email response--otherwise, bring your drafts and questions in and we will discuss them on Tuesday!

1 comment:

rvice said...

due to the Electricity, chicago was seen as an enchanted country. back then, electricity was a priority in the operation of chicago due to its beauty. in the other hand, electricity was prove to be a lethal weapon for the execution of criminals. the electric chair was one of the most older devices display in chicago, and it was known as "death chair." the first execution by electric chair occur in New York. electrocution was a very controversial topic back then. some agree that electrocution was a humane method of execution, others view electricity as a dangerous, and poorly understood technology. William Kemmlet execution was use as an experiment in order to prove a resurrecting machine built by scientist. the execution was disastrous, the bad placement of the device into the criminal produce a double execution. the first charge prove to be nonfatal, it produce a tremendous pain and convolutions on the criminal, but the second charge produce his death; his head was seriously burned. the execution left a big impression on the public. kemmlet's execution become international media event. it was seen as the first incomplete death, and prove that this method of execution needed improvements. nearly a decade the exact cause of kemmlet's death remain unsolved. it wasn't until 1899, the year after Crane's novella was published, when scientist discover that kemmlet's death was cause by a heart stoppage. kemmlet represented another source of crane's Henry johnson, and one who likes him to the technological advancements of the 1890s. Crane's novella the monster, exhibits a fascination with electricity and urban spectacle. in Crane's whilomville, it is electricity that represented and allowed the representation of the urban- industrial future to take place. Crane introduces a big description of the electricity in the town, thereby showing the town is transformation. despite of the different social classes in the town, the lights of the town allowed crowds to gather together. the crowd fixate themselves as part of an electrically produce, modern crowd, rather than themselves as individuals. Electric lights temporarily turns small town places into urban spaces. in crane's novella, electricity allows the transformation of Whilomville from a provincial small town to a vivid city.